Federations Fight to Protect Fishery Workers (6/13)


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The International Transport Workers’ Federation (ITF), to which the SIU is affiliated, has issued the following news release:


13 June 2014


Unions welcome Thai fisher slavery exposé


Two international union federations working together to fight appalling exploitation of fishery workers have applauded this week’s exposé by the UK’s Guardian newspaper of the use of slave labor in the Thai prawn industry.


The ITF (International Transport Workers’ Federation) and IUF (International Union of Food, Agricultural and Hospitality Workers) are working on the ground in Thailand to fight the slavery being used there. Liz Blackshaw, program leader for the joint ITF/IUF “From Catcher to Counter” initiative, commented: “This publicity is hugely helpful. It will be welcomed by everyone fighting this disgusting human trade. It also shows the need for retailers to audit the entire supply chain to ensure that all products are sourced ethically and responsibly. Consumers deserve and demand transparency and rigorous checking.”


She continued: “There is a dramatic need for action in Thailand also. This was highlighted by trade unions and by human rights and anti-slavery organizations at last month’s Multi-stakeholder Forum on Labor Conditions in the Fisheries Sector in Thailand, held in Bangkok, which involved representatives of the International Labor Organization (ILO), Thai government, fishery industry, international buyers, unions and NGOs. At that forum the ITF informed the government and all stakeholders that it is irresponsible to refuse to ratify ILO Work in Fishing Convention No.188. It is shocking that Thailand’s new military government was this week the only one to vote against a new ILO protocol to fight forced labor.* We would expect the USA to be putting the country in the worst category of its human trafficking blacklist.”


She added: “It is heartening that Norwegian retailer Ica has announced that it is removing scampi linked to CP Foods from its shelves – a move actively backed by ITF Fisheries Section Chair Johnny Hansen of the Norsk Sjømannsforbund (Norwegian Seafarers’ Union).”


The ITF and IUF state that the fishing sector has many dark secrets, not just in Thailand, and there are improvements that could drastically change it for the better. These are:


-- Respect for fundamental workers’ rights to freedom of association and collective bargaining for all


-- All ILO member states should ratify the new protocol to the ILO forced labor convention


-- Full audits by retailers of fishery product supply chains to ensure ethical and responsible sourcing that also meets human rights obligations in supply chains under the UN Guiding Principle on Business & Human Rights, OECD Guidelines on Multinational Enterprises and ILO conventions


-- Transparency and comprehensive information on where fish were harvested and the whole chain of processing, to enable consumers to make ethical, socially responsible purchasing decisions


-- Ratification and implementation of ILO Work in Fishing Convention No.188


-- An aggressive program of international criminal investigations into criminal activity and criminal failure to act


-- Compulsory registration of fishing vessels over 24 meters long or 100 GMT


-- Increasing the use of inspectors, including for labor inspections


-- Governments establishing tripartite representation in the sector, including oversight of labor standards


-- Regional fisheries management organizations and governments leveraging license allocation and catch quotas against compliance with human rights obligations and labor standards


-- Fishing vessels to have a collective agreement onboard to protect crew


-- Processing plants to have genuine union recognition and the right to collective bargaining


The Guardian reports can be seen at http://bit.ly/1kWQla0, http://bit.ly/TEfJWC and http://bit.ly/1uez2kD. For more about the From Catcher to Counter Program see www.itfglobal.org/fish/index.cfm


*See http://reut.rs/1pnkT6O




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